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For example, if a company does a 1-for-2 reverse stock split, each shareholder would end up with half as many shares as they owned before, but the price of each share would double. While most people think of stock splits as something that only happens when a company’s share price gets too high, there are a few reasons why a company might opt to do a reverse stock split. Reverse stock splits are typically undertaken by companies seeking to boost their stock price by reducing the number of outstanding shares. Often seen as a sign of weakness, it attracts short-sellers attempting to profit from statistically proven future price declines. Reverse stock splits are when companies consolidate shares, typically to increase the share price.

  1. The new share price is proportionally higher, leaving the total market value of the company unchanged.
  2. While a higher share price can help to boost a company’s image, reverse splits are generally received by investors as a potential sign of fundamental weakness.
  3. Prior to the reverse split, which took place on August 2, 2021, the stock traded in the low teens.
  4. Reverse stock splits work the same way as regular stock splits  but in reverse.
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A reverse stock split occurs when the company reduces its number of shares while maintaining their overall value. For example, if a company offers a reverse split of 1-for-10, this means that the ten shares are converted into one share with the same overall value. Meanwhile in a traditional stock split, shareholders’ holdings are increased due to an increase in their number of shares – for instance, 2-for-2 or 3-for-2 splits – without any alteration to their underlying value. Ultimately, it’s important to consider both reverse and traditional stock splits as they each bring different effects to the market and can help determine where your investment stands in the long run.

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Having a higher share price can also attract certain investors who would not consider penny stocks for their portfolios. The factor by which the company’s management decides to go for the reverse stock split becomes the multiple by which the market automatically adjusts the share price. For example, if they have 10 million shares outstanding before the split, after the split they may only have 5 million shares outstanding. This can be done in order to increase the share price or make the company look more attractive for potential investors. When a company performs a reverse stock split, it reduces the number of stocks in the market without any impact on its value.

But the truth is, a reverse split is often perceived by investors as an act of corporate desperation that’s little more than a gimmick to make the stock look more attractive. Instances of success after a reverse split usually are when the company also finds a new strategy or takes aggressive steps to turn around its fortunes. Although the share price will rise, the value won’t change as a result of the split. Stock splits, either forward or reverse, don’t change the market value of the shares, and there is no tax consequence for investors. A company will typically announce a reverse stock split through a news release, in which it will specify the split ratio and the effective date for the split. The board approved the corporate decision of directors, and GE’s share price post-split increased 8x while the number of shares outstanding was reduced by 8.

The remaining four shares would be removed from your brokerage account, and you would receive cash for their value. Here’s a quick overview of what a reverse stock split is, why a company would want to do a reverse split of its shares, and whether a reverse split is a good or bad thing for investors. Typically, the exchange temporarily adds a “D” to the end of a ticker symbol during a reverse stock split. This is known as a name change and consolidation (i.e. using a different ticker symbol for the new shares). One of the recent reverse stock splits was performed by CASI Pharmaceuticals (CASI), a biotech company that announced a 1-for-10 reverse stock split.

Q. What exactly is a reverse stock split?

Stock splits and reverse stock splits themselves don’t directly change the value of a company. The total company value remains the same, and the number of stocks and price of each stock change to add up to the same value before and after a split event. That’s why reverse stock splits increase the stock price without changing the company value. A reverse stock split is an action by a publicly traded company to reduce its number of existing shares, leading to an increase in the price per share. In an era where information travels at the speed of light, a company’s decision to enact a reverse stock split can quickly become fodder for financial analysts, news outlets, and individual investors. Discussions, debates, and speculations can influence market sentiment, sometimes overshadowing the company’s actual performance or future potential.

How Does a Reverse Stock Split Work?

The word sounds like something out of a sci-fi movie, but it’s actually a very common financial term you need to know. The “reverse stock split” appellation is a reference to the more common stock split in which shares are effectively divided to form a larger number of proportionally less valuable shares. New shares are typically issued in a simple ratio, e.g. 1 new share for 2 old shares, 3 for 4, etc. A reverse stock split doesn’t directly reduce your investment value.

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Investors with less than 100 shares would not be able to complete the split and would, therefore, be cashed out. Then, the company would do a forward stock split of 100 shares for one share. This would effectively bring shareholders that were not cashed out to their original number of shares. These requirements are designed to ensure that the common stocks classified as exchange-traded securities are only made up of reputable, respected, financially-viable enterprises.

At-the-market offerings are one tool publicly traded companies can use to raise capital. They are faster and more flexible than traditional follow-on offerings. Stay informed on the most impactful business and financial news with analysis from our team.

Before deciding how to invest, consider the potential consequences carefully. A reverse stock split is a corporate action in which a company reduces the total number of its outstanding shares. A reverse stock split is more like a merging of stocks; a 1-for-2 reverse split means each shareholder will own one share for every two shares they owned before the split. As a result of the reverse stock split, every 40 shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of the effective date will be automatically combined into one share of common stock. No fractional shares will be issued as a result of the reverse stock split. Stockholders of record who would otherwise be entitled to receive a fractional share will automatically be entitled to the rounding up of the fractional share to the nearest whole share.

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