In other words, momentum isn’t a predictor of price movement, but instead, reflective of the overall mood and fundamentals of the market. Also, geopolitical and geofinancial risks can drive momentum and money into-or-away from stocks. Although it’s helpful for investors to understand the market’s momentum, it’s also important to know what factors are driving momentum and ultimately price movements. Many investors and traders watch the moves in momentum and the S&P because if the two are not moving in sync, something’s askew.

Not every momentum trader is a trend-following trader, but momentum traders earn the largest profits when a strong trend is established by the emergence of momentum. The advantage of a momentum strategy is that you can participate in a price movement early on and have the opportunity to achieve a good return. In addition, he concentrates on leading stocks with a high beta factor.

Key Factors of Momentum Trading

Early positions offer the greatest reward with the least risk while aging trends should be avoided at all costs. The opposite happens in real-world scenarios because most traders don’t see the opportunity until late in the cycle and then fail to act until everyone else jumps in. Market momentum is measured by continually taking price differences for a fixed time interval. To construct a 10-day momentum line, simply subtract the closing price 10 days ago from the last closing price. Another strategy traders can use to spot divergences in price action. With these indicators in mind, let’s look at some of the strategies you can use for momentum trading.

  • Momentum traders usually buy or sell an asset moving intensely in one direction and exiting when this movement shows signs of reversing.
  • The Dow, Nasdaq, and S&P 500 should all be in an uptrend when you buy stocks.
  • The stochastic oscillator compares the most recent closing price to the previous trading range, over a specified period of time.
  • I have over 20 years of experience picking high-quality stocks that traders and investors have capitalized on immensely in the past.
  • It is important to note that between 74-89% of retail investors lose money when trading CFDs.

His trading style can also be described as swing trading, as he may hold his stocks for longer periods (two to ten weeks). He trades not only stocks but deep-in-the-money call options on the strongest stocks in the world. It’s even better when the stock first dips below the low of the pivotal point day (taking out the stops and shaking other traders out of the market) before breaking out to a new high. Some tools for momentum investors help to define the trend, such as the trend line. A trend line is a line drawn from the high price to the low price, or vice versa, over a given time period.

Traders who buy a stock because it’s going up may quickly turn around and abandon the stock when it stalls. Sellers, desperate to get out of the stock, will offer to sell it for progressively lower prices, forcing the price downward. In his classic text on the advantages and disadvantages of various investing strategies, Investment Fables, Aswath Damodaran of the Stern School of Business at NYU states his doubts. Our experts picked 7 Zacks Rank #1 Strong Buy stocks with the best chance to skyrocket within the next days.

However, if the market has been trading in a downtrend, traders are signalled to place short orders with a continued downtrend expectation. Similarly, if the market has been trading in the uptrend for a while but starts making new lows, it signals to the trader that the market is losing its momentum. How to trade copper This is when traders are signalled to exit their long orders and enter short orders with a downtrend expectation. On the other hand, when the market has been trading in the downtrend for a while but starts making new highs, it signals that the market is losing its downtrend momentum.

When using moving averages, it is important to be aware that they are a type of lagging indicator – this means that the signals happen after the price move. Although a momentum trader wouldn’t necessarily enter at the start of a trend anyway, this does mean they will need to use other indicators to find a suitable exit point. As you can see from the above chart, the MAs cross over – indicating a trend reversal – after the price has already declined slightly. As a general rule, we take a long-term investment approach at The Motley Fool.

When the oscillator provides values below 20, it indicates that the market is oversold, and traders should place long orders as the bearish trend is weak. Momentum trading leverages market volatility to the trader’s advantage by identifying the strength of the market’s current trend. It also provides traders with future market momentum predictions. In our article, we will learn in-depth about momentum trading and the top momentum trading strategies. There are several momentum indicators that technical analysts can use in momentum trading.

They use a formula that filters out random fluctuations to show a prevailing price trend. Although MAs are not a momentum-based indicator, they can help momentum traders see whether a market is rangebound or not. Although some traders will use the indicator to enter and exit traders, most momentum traders will use it to confirm a price action.

What is Momentum Trading? Top Momentum Trading Strategies

Momentum style traders believe that these trends will continue to head in the same direction because of the momentum that is already behind them. The best momentum trades come when a news shock hits, triggering rapid movement from one price level to another. In turn, this sets off buying or selling signals for observant players who jump in and are rewarded with instant profits. Another batch of momentum capital enters as the trade evolves, generating counter swings that shake out weak hands.


Tighten up stops or consider a blind exit when technical barriers are hit like a major trendline or previous high/low. Exit or take partial profits when crossovers signal potential trend changes. Keep watch for the “flavor of the day,” when new products, divisions or concepts capture support resistance indicators the public’s imagination, forcing analysts to throw away calculations and re-compute profit estimates. Biotechs and small to midsize technology companies create a generous supply of these story stocks. In this article, we’ll look at momentum investing and its benefits and pitfalls.

As per Momentum Trading, you should enter a stock when its price has just started moving up and exit as soon as it starts declining. The idea behind this strategy is that the costs of stores often don’t reflect their actual value for an extended period, and they tend to move in one direction for long periods. Momentum trading is a strategy that aims to capitalize on the continuance of existing trends in the market. Momentum traders usually buy or sell an asset moving intensely in one direction and exiting when this movement shows signs of reversing. They also seek to avoid buying or selling assets that are moving sideways. Momentum trading requires identifying the prevailing trend and then picking stocks that have the most robust momentum within that trend.

And with these principles, you can develop a momentum trading strategy for the stock markets. As a momentum trader, you buy only when the price is moving in your favour with the hopes of selling at a higher price. It is important to recognize that many traders view the RSI value of 50 to be a support and resistance benchmark. An issue falling in price may find support at the 50 value and bounce off this level again to continue an upward rise in price action. Like other momentum systems, CAN SLIM also includes rules for when to enter and exit stocks, based mainly on technical analysis.

Focus on Risk/Reward

According to Ben Carlson of the blog, A Wealth of Common Sense, the entire idea of momentum investing is built around chasing performance. However, momentum investors do this in a systematic way that includes a specific buying point and selling point. The key to momentum investing is being able to capitalize on volatile  market trends. Momentum investors look for stocks to invest in that are on their way up and then sell them before the prices start to go back down. For such investors, being ahead of the pack is a way to maximize return on investment (ROI). Moving averages (MAs) are used by traders to spot emerging trends in markets.

The concept of crossovers and divergences helps in confirming these signals. The Average Directional Index (ADX) measures market momentum and future price direction. Whenever it indicates a value of 20 or more, it indicates that the market is in a strong trend and an order should be placed accordingly. Whenever the reading is below 20, it indicates an extremely weak market trend and traders should either hold onto the trades or place an order opposite to the existing trend. At the bottom of the RSI chart, settings of 70 and 30 are considered standards that serve as clear warnings of, respectively, overbought and oversold assets. A trader with today’s simple-to-use software may choose to reset the indicators’ parameters to 80 and 20.

However, we can also see that the RSI indicator is making lower highs, signalling divergence. In other words, the trend might be bullish, or it might be bearish best oil stock — all we know is that the underlying trend is gaining strength. In essence, momentum is the speed at which market values are changing in an asset.

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